God Gifted District Solukhumbu
Solukhumbu is attributing an angelic beauty District. It is one of district of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. It consists of the sub-regions Solu and Khumbu. The district, Salleri as headquarter. According to the census report of 2011 A.D the population of Solukhumbu was 105,886.
The District is surrounded by 4 Districts namely Sankhuwasabha, Bhojpur, Khotang and Okhaldunga. Also it’s surrounded by Tibet on northern part. Historically, Solukhumbu was part of Kirat Kingdoms in early and it was a part of Majhkirat in midst era. Indigenous ethic Kulung, Kirat Rai and hill caste Chhetri are the main groups living in the mid-hills, while Sherpas occupy the high mountains.
Most of the people Of the Solukhumbu follow the Buddhism and rest of the people follow Hinduism. Solukhumbu district is a familiar name in mountain tourism. The main attraction is world’s highest mountain peak Mount Everest (8,848 meter) in the world, is in the northern part of this district, within Sagarmatha National Park. Sagarmatha is a combination of an aesthetic scenery, beautiful rivers, welcoming people, big mountains, and colorful birds over the clouds. UNESCO has listed the Sagarmatha National Park as a World Heritage Site.
Sherpa and Tengboche Monastery are unique to this district. Gokyo Lake trek, Island peak climbing, Mera Peak climbing, Mount Everest Expedition and Lobuche peak climbing are the popular adventure trips in Solukhumbu district. This District is well known for adventure holidays. Fascinates many foreign tourist every day.
Through tourism Solukhumbu District can earn foreign money. There is a notable hiking trail known as the Solukhumbu Trail. Mount Everest, Lhotse, Makalu, Cho Oyu, Gyachung Kang etc. are some of the world’s highest mountains in Khumbu Himalaya range. This section is located on the northern border with Tibet. Also there is Khumbu Valley. It is the highland region which is worldwide famous for trekking and hiking. Kulung and sherpa are the main Inhabitants in this region. Khumbu Pasang Lhamu is the administrative division in this region. It includes the town of Namche Bazaar. The famous Buddhist Monastery at Tengboche is also located in the Khumbu.
Lower Solukhumbu is the part of Mid-hills region. It is less famous for treking. Sherpa also are main inhabitants with othercast in this region. Neecha, Salleri, Chalakharka, Salyan, Kangeldada, Sotang etc. are the town in lower Solukhumbu. Most of the people love this District because it is the popular for the angelic beauties, unique wondes and gifts in the world. The most common ways to reach the district from Kathmandu are direct flight to Lukla, phaplu,Kangeldada,syangboche airport and by bus through okhaldhunga.
Sagarmatha National park:
Sagarmatha (Named after Mt. Everest) National Park is located in the solukhumbu district of Nepal and covered an area of 1,148 sq. km of the northern Himalayan ecological zone in the Khumbu region. The Park is ranges in elevation from 2,845 to 8,848 m (9,334 to 29,028 ft.) above sea level at the summit of Mount Everest.
Name: Sagarmatha National Park
Established Date: 2032 BS
Area: 1148 sq. km
Buffer Zone: 275 sq. km
Peaks: Worlds highest peak Mt Everest (8848m, 29028ft) and other peaks above 6,000m are Cho Oyu, Lhotse, Nuptse, Amadablam and Pumori. Also Sagarmatha National Park features 69% barran, dry and rocky mountains above 5,000 meters
Popular Trekking Routes: The trek from Namche to Kala Pathar, the trek to Gokyo Lake and Chukung valleys.There are some high passes worth crossing over.
Popular Adventure Trips: Gokyo Lake trek, Island peak climbing, Mera Peak climbing, Mount Everest Expedition and Lobuche peak climbing are the popular adventure trips in Solukhumbu district
Guide: Trekkers must have a guide and proper equipment for the trek.
Flora and Fauna:
Birds: This National Park is the house over 208 species of birds including the Impegian pheasant, blood pheasant, snow cock, , red billed cough and some endangered birds such as bearded vulture, Impeyan Pheasant, Snowcock, and Alpine Chough, Blood Pheasant, Eared Grebe, Oriental Turtle-Dove, Himalayan Cuckoo, Himalayan Swiftlet and more.
Animals: The main fauna found at the park are red panda, snow leopard, Himalayan tahr, marten, musk deer, Pika.
Vegetations: Pine and hemlock forests, rhododendron, Fir, Juniper, Himalayan birch are the main flora found at the lower altitudes and alpine plant are commonly found at the higher altitude etc. Its vegetation directly starts in a sub-alpine environment and consists of Fir, Himalayan birch, Juniper, and Rhododendron. After 4000 meter’s elevation, the vegetation found here features Mosses and Lichens. Various shrubs and flowering plants cover the bare mountains in November. In November, more than 1,000 floral species cover the trails to the National Park.
Buffer Zone: Government of Nepal has declared a buffer zone in and around the park in 2002. The government has also made a provision of plowing back 30 to 50 percent the revenue earned by the park to community development activities in the buffers zone. In collaboration with local people this provision aims to conserve biodiversity in the region. The objective of reducing biotic pressure in the slow growing vegetation. Sagarmatha National Park visit is an exceptional opportunity to see the natural beauty, wildlife and vegetation of the roof of the world.
Best visiting season: Sagarmatha national park have an environment best to visit around October to November. From March to May the vegetation becomes greeneries.
Sagarmatha National Park remains an important bird-watching site and is noted as an “important Bird Area (IBA) by Birdlife International.